WordPress is a content management system used for publishing content on the internet. It does this by making it easy to write and publish content without having to know about HTML, CSS and other technical stuff, and lets you do other things like slideshows, video players and much more through plugins.
It’s also the leading Open Source CMS on the web, powering around 20% of the whole internet.
In this post we’ll discuss some of the basic principles, and provide links to further reading & documentation via the WordPress Codex.
Posts & Pages
WordPress is split into two main types of content – pages & posts.
Posts are used for date-specific content items, such as news, blogs and events. Posts can be organised into categories and tags, which help you keep content organised.
Pages are used when the date isn’t important; what’s called “static” content. Pages are typically used for things like “Contact”, or “About Us”, or “Terms & Conditions”.
Images & Menus
There are also a few other major concepts that you need to know:
Images: All the images (or word documents, PDFs, spreadsheets for that matter) you upload to WordPress are put into the Media Library. You can get to the media library through the Media link on the left hand navigation menu.
Menus: These are what drive the main navigation menu, and potentially others, on your website. You can get to the menu manager through Appearance -> Menus in the left hand navigation menu.
Widgets: These are used to show anything that can be added to one of your template positions, or widget areas, and will usually be some text, an image, a list of blog categories, or something similar. They’re little small blocks that display something.
Tags: You’ll see these used on lots of different types of websites. They’re used for relating pieces of content, usually in a blog or news feed.
Categories: These are a bit like tags, but more useful when hierarchy matters. A good example is genres of music, where older genres evolve into multiple sub-genres and the new genres can be considered “children” of the older genres.